In order to compile R for macOS, you will need the following tools:
In order to retain compatibility with native R we recommend using above tools. Although it is possible to compile R using tools from other package managers such as Homebrew, MacPorts or Fink, such binaries are by definition incompatible with macOS native libraries and applications. If you choose one of those package managers, make sure you compile everything
using those tools including R and all packages and libraries you intend to use.
Old versions of R provided fall-back versions of dependend libraries. This is no longer the case, the following libraries are not present in most recent macOS (or are too old) and have to be installed before R can be compiled:
Binaries for the above libraries are available in /libs-4
as well as many others that are useful for R packages (see optional libraries below).
Note that all binaries used by CRAN are built using the recipes system and thus can be trasparently re-built accordingly.
Optional tools and libraries
The following tools and libraries are optional. R can be compiled without them, but they provide additional capabilities to R.
In order to produce documentation, LaTeX is necessary. It can be obtained from several places, for example as a part of MacTeX.
- GNU readline,
Although Mac OS X comes with readline-replacement library, it lack some functionality like backward search etc. Therefore many user prefer GNU readline. For macOS 10.13 download see libs-4 on this site (for older OS X verions see libs).
- PNG, JPEG and TIFF libraries
If bitmap manipulation libraries are present, R will add graphics device support for those bitmap formats. There are also other package that take advantage of PNG and JPEG, so it is in general a good idea to install them.
Again, they are available in /libs-4 (new) and /libs (old).
R support for cairo graphics can be enabled by installing cario and dependent libraries (also provided in /libs-4).
If you want to check out R from the SVN repository, you will need subversion. It was included in Xcode 9 and earlier, but is no longer. We are providing a signed binary:
subversion-1.14.0-darwin15.6.tar.gz (SHA1: 9dab09d6cf608bea6224bdc3ec3e95893e4e9800)
which works on OS X 10.11 (El Capitan) and higher, is relocatable, i.e., you can put it anywhere you want since it only depends on system libraries.
(Static build with: apr-1.7.0, apr-util-1.6.1, openssl-1.1.1g, serf-1.3.9, sqlite-3.33.0, subversion-1.14.0)
This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.openssl.org/)
(sources for open source software not linked directly)
Old version of this page for much older OS X versions.
All software is provided "as is" and any express or implied warranties, including, but but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are disclaimed. In no event shall the publisher, copyright owner or contributors be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental,special, exemplary, or consequential damages (including, but not limited to, procurement of substitute goods or services; loss of use, data or profits; or business interruption) however caused and on any theory of liability, whether in contract, strict liability, or tort (including negligence or otherwise) arising in any way out of the use of this software, even if advised of the possibility of such damage.